Interstitial lung disease ild or diffuse parenchymal lung disease dpld is a group of lung diseases affecting the interstitium the tissue and space around the alveoli air sacs of the lungs it concerns alveolar epithelium pulmonary capillary endothelium basement membrane and perivascular and perilymphatic tissues. Interstitial lung disease can be caused by long term exposure to hazardous materials such as asbestos some types of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis also can cause interstitial lung disease. Interstitial lung disease is a general category that includes many different lung conditions all interstitial lung diseases affect the interstitium a part of the lungs anatomic structure. Interstitial lung disease is the name for a group of diseases that affect the lungs for example interstitial pneumonitis black lung farmers lung mold grasses fumes and autoimmune diseases the most common symptoms are a dry cough and shortness of breath treatment and prognosis depends upon the type of lung disease. Interstitial lung disease ild interstitial lung disease ild is an umbrella term for a large group of disorders that cause scarring fibrosis of the lungs
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